Benzene 苯

  • Posted in Default
  • By admin
  • Date April 1st, 2012 15:47
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  • Benzene is a colorless, flammable liquid with a sweet odor, which is frequently found in paints and coatings. It evaporates quickly when exposed to air, thus the main route of exposure (47-80%) is through inhalation. Benzene can also be absorbed through the skin when in direct contact with a source, such as gasoline. Health hazards of benzene include leukemia, particularly acute myeloid leukemia (AML).

    苯是具有特殊芳香气味的油状液体,微溶于水,可溶于乙醇、汽油等有机溶剂。苯和苯的同系物多来源于油漆或涂料。苯的挥发速度很快,为乙醚的1/3,暴露于空气中很容易扩散。人和动物吸入(47-80%)或皮肤接触大量苯进入体内,会引起急性和慢性苯中毒。苯中毒患者主要表现为头痛、头晕、疲倦、睡眠不好、食欲不振,白血球(白细胞)减少,若病情进一步加重皮肤可有出血现象,严重者可发生再生障碍性贫血或白血病。

     

    Note: Our aim is for transparency and clarity; we want you to know all of our methodologies and assumptions. Both are listed below and are defined to support development towards restorative solutions. Chinese and English are listed together to avoid communication gaps.

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