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Daily Definition: Biodegradable 可生物降解

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  • Date March 29th, 2012 09:47
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Definition

Our aim is for transparency and clarity; we want you to know all of our methodologies and assumptions. Both are listed below and are defined to support development towards restorative solutions. Chinese and English are listed together to avoid communication gaps.

Biodegradable 可生物降解:
In truth, everything biodegrades. Eventually, everything will break down into tiny particles. Though, the time each material takes to degrade differs greatly. Some materials break down over hundreds of thousands...

Daily Definition: benchmarking 改进基准

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  • Date March 28th, 2012 10:20
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Definition

Our aim is for transparency and clarity; we want you to know all of our methodologies and assumptions. Both are listed below and are defined to support development towards restorative solutions. Chinese and English are listed together to avoid communication gaps.

Benchmarking 改进基准

GIGA refers to benchmarking as a system through which environmental, social, and economic goals are set and incremental progress and successes are measured and reported.

GIGA所指的改进基准是指根据记录的生态、经济以及社会的影响而得到的相应改进计划。...

GIGA @ Education

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  • Date July 28th, 2011 12:10
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Education is a cornerstone of GIGA - our approach depends on analyzing and learning from cycles of information. The beauty about education is that it never stops. We first educate ourselves, then we pass this along to university students and the masses. Our education outreach has been in place since GIGA was founded in 2008, lecturing at events and to design students at Tongji University, Raffles Design Institute, and Hong Kong University. These pieces and individual lectures are now...

The Glass Masonry vs. Traditional Brick

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  • Date August 29th, 2011 18:42
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Designers often prefer the aesthetics of clear glass block. Apart from obviously different appearances and light properties, what are the ecological and performance advantages and differences between glass masonry and traditional bricks? To answer this question, our Research Team did a deep dive on both.

We used the following categories to differentiate these materials: Raw Materials, Size, Price, Thermal Conductivity, Strength, and Recyclability.


Raw material
Visible raw material differences...

Material Sourcing: Interview

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  • Date August 8th, 2011 11:55
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We recently had the chance to interview Gensler's Material Librarian, Jessie Wu to discuss green material sourcing in China. Gensler is an American-based international design firm with a team of architects, designers, planners, and consultants. Responsible for 3,000 projects each year, Genler partners with their clients to deliver local solutions with a global perspective. Gensler's team includes 2,500 employees working in 38 locations around the globe. Gensler is the brains behind the ...

Printing inks reviewed

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  • Date March 14th, 2011 12:42
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Inks

We're starting a review on the chemistry of inks - more specifically on the different pigments that are commonly used and how these end up being an ink. The idea is to describe how the pigments are made and applied for them to become a printing ink, and what the manufacturing aspects are of this procedure.Then when pigments are understood, we'll do the same for the binders, oils and additives that are used by printers in their process of ink making.Why do all that? As print oriented...

How to reuse / recycle waxpaper? - reader's question

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  • Date February 9th, 2011 11:07
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I noticed you using this in packaging projects, how do you reuse or recycle wax paper? – @geek_greenUsually recycling paper is pretty straight forward as most curbside programs accept the material. But it gets a little hairy when we start getting into soiled paper, paperboard, coated paper, wax paper or (gulp) pizza boxes.How can you quickly determine a paper’s chance at recycling? The most important thing to understand is that paper is recycled by using water. The whole batch gets washed and...

GIGA v.3.1.9.2: New Features

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  • Date June 19th, 2012 18:53
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Ping

We can't say thank you enough to the users who are pushing the database. We have a feeling you'll find this week's new features exciting.


Material Search Filter: We've made searching for materials far more fun and intuitive. Start with the Material Categories, choose a filter and speed up your searches. If you've picked too many categories, just delete the categories you don't want from the filter bar.


Green Features Search Filter: Next, add green features (such as low VOC, rapidly renewable,...

How can you catalyze change for greener materials?

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  • Date June 14th, 2012 16:15
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The most common question we are asked after lectures and trainings is, 'as an individual what can I do to help.' If you're like most designers, your client or your firm doesn't prioritize green design. Though this might exclude you from using state of the art conditioning systems, you can still drive green design with every project.

How? By demanding healthy materials. Though often overlooked, materials massively dictate the ecological impact of projects. All materials are made by combining...

GIGA Ranked (Rated) Material

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  • Date June 12th, 2012 11:19
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Why GIGA Rankings?
With a growing abundance of global certifications differentiating their meaning and relevance is murky. Our users have expressed confusion in understanding all of the different tests and standards which are leveraged by each certification. GIGA Rankings exist to help alleviate confusion by making certifications comparable. Rankings are based on research deriving from approved certifications and test reports. Our research team collects and verifies data and susses results...

GIGA v.3.1.9.1: New Feature

Team

Once again, many thanks to all of you for the constructive feedback. Here is what is new, based on what you told us:



Privacy: Sensitive projects can now be made private and shared only with assigned team members. This new feature allows you to work on projects that no one else will see other than those you choose to. Look for the 'privacy' option within the 'edit project' page.


Give Power: Previously, it was only possible for one user to control project information (add materials, add members,...

Reclaiming History

Wood-03-a

What materials can help you earn Green Building Certification points? Today most designers know a handful of keywords that can contribute to certification: recycled content, local, energy efficient, sustainably harvested, and waste materials.

Reclaimed Wood has enjoyed the limelight thanks to the likes of LEED, 3-Star, BEAM, and a host of other building certification systems. When we built our first projects in Shanghai, Reclaimed Wood was easy to find. Ten years ago, with green building in...

The Science of Sustainability: New Drivers of Change

Chemistry-05

As the head of sustainability for Haworth, my responsibilities are to reduce the impact our projects, as well as shifting our business to prepare for a world lacking in natural resources.

My motivation and passion to create changes at Haworth does not come from news headlines nor carbon disclosure targets. It comes from having spent years in Chinese manufacturing before Haworth, exporting goods for the world’s largest brands from the heart of the then Chinese economy – factories manufacturing...

ADD a Material

Circle

Fact: green design starts with green materials. There are heaps of green materials in the market today but designers don't have time to find all of them. We solve this problem by allowing users to add, share, and collect an exponential number of materials. Add materials to share new solutions and showcase your green expertise.


Who should post Materials?
Manufacturers, Designers, Vendors, and Contractors.

Why you should post.
- highlight your brand and create a following
- help build a useful...

Benzene Series (Part C)

Pic_en_1

In the 1920's, benzene was frequently used as an industrial solvent. As its toxicity gradually became known, its role as a solvent was replaced by other chemicals such as Toluene, Ethylbenzene and Xylenes (with similar physical properties but very little carcinogenic potential).【1】 BTEX (Benzene, Toluene, Ethylbenzene and Xylenes) are made up of naturally-occurring chemicals that are found mainly in petroleum products such as gasoline. Refineries will change the amounts of these chemical...

Sustainable business

Business-01

Sustainable businesses seem to be everywhere. What makes them so isn't always apparent. Below is a graphical look at the range of sustainable businesses.

Model 01: Sustainable businesses are profitable.
By standard definition sustainable businesses at least break even. Below is a sustainable business when only profit is considered. Society and ecology are not considered and might be increasingly damaged as profits grow. This could be a cigarette company.

Image 1: Sustainable business - Model...

GIGA v.3.1.7, New Features

Incremental-01

We just launched our most recent round of updates. Version 3.1.7 includes these new features:

Projects. Find completed projects, construction projects, and projects on the boards to inspire your next design. Save projects you want to follow or add your own. For the next few weeks we'll be featuring a new green project, every day. Keep this page bookmarked to see when the new projects roll in.

Materials. Easily find materials and add them to your projects. Bigger material images make them...

Tongji Lecture: From Sustainability to Regeneration in Architecture

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Hosted by Tongji University, GIGA's Raefer Wallis presented 'From Sustainability to Regeneration in Architecture' to Tongji's Sino-Finnish College. The lecture introduced the concepts of MNI (Minimize Negative Impact), RESET, Regeneration, and maximizing positive impact to challenge conventional understanding and approaches to green materials and buildings.

Current green design only slows the processes of deforestation, global warming, and pollution, though the problems still persist. To have...

GIGA Chemical Health Screen (Video)

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  • Date April 26th, 2012 10:38
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In 2004, GIGA developed Asia's first platform to rank building materials based on ecological and health impact. In 2011 - The International Year of Chemistry - GIGA founded the Chemistry department, which helps all manufacturers to identify health hazards within days. Once identified, chemicals are flagged according to their health hazards, like cancer or developmental toxicity. Health hazards are organized according to their level of concern using clear benchmarks. The results are extremely...

Benzene Series (Part B)

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  • Date April 23rd, 2012 18:29
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Cn

Long-term exposure to benzene primarily impacts the bloodstream. Over time, benzene exposure depletes red blood cells (leading to anemia) and bone marrow weakens. Benzene exposure can cause excessive bleeding which weakens the immune system and increases the risk of infection. Long-term exposure to high levels of airborne benzene can cause leukemia, particularly acute myelogenous leukemia, often referred to as AML. The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) and the United States...

Shanghai Air Part 4: The Dirty Story of Air Filters

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  • Date April 19th, 2012 09:15
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In China, selling air purifiers is good business - and its getting better everyday. One doesn't need to be a rocket scientist to relate the growth in sales to the growth in public awareness of air pollution.

However, the irony is that they pollute more than they clean. Like many green technologies today, no one has bothered to step back and look at the big picture.

Comparing air filters usually boils down to price vs. performance. However, the reality is that in the higher-end range most...

Call for Speakers: GIGA crit

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  • Date April 17th, 2012 10:41
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Trace your memory back to design school. Remember how useful design critiques were? A semester of work culminating with a feedback session with a jury of peers and experts aimed solely at improving your ideas. Why is it that when we leave school we also leave this culture of critique behind?

Discussing projects before they are built is far more valuable than discussing finished work. Why? In-progress projects can be improved or optimized when shared with peers and experts. In March, we...

【Daily Definition】Class I~V 水质分类

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  • Date April 16th, 2012 13:53
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China's Ministry of Environmental Protection (MEP) evaluates surface water using five grades; Class Ⅰ , Ⅱ, Ⅲ, Ⅳ and Ⅴ. Each grade includes limits for chemical content, metals and bacteria.RESET is harmonized with the MEP classification to measure the impact factory effluent has on surface water. These standards are also used as benchmarks to measure the quality of municipal water provided to factories. Using the same metric allows us to clearly measure the impact manufacturing has on water...

Greenwalk 1

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  • Date April 11th, 2012 23:41
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Greenwalk 1: Complete!


Organized by Shanghai Flaneur and the Ecodesignfair, the first Greenbuilding walk was given by our experts Scott Burroughs and Ashley Reta last week-end (April 7th, 2012). Focused on the Jing-An district, the walk included Central POD Office Complex designed by A_A&D, the LEED Gold skyscraper: Eco-City 1788 Nanjing Lu, The Haworth Showroom, a house renovation on Wanhangdu and the Carbon Neutral URBN Hotel, both by A00 Architecture. More green walks are planned in...

【Daily Definition】 Circular Economy 循环经济

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  • Date April 12th, 2012 10:43
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Definition

Circular economy is an economic management strategy used by manufacturers to eliminate production waste. Under this practice, all nutrients return to production following use. To build a circular economy, Manufacturers must first classify all nutrients as either biological or geological. Chemical changes must never combine biological nutrients with geological nutrients when producing material components. Biological components must be biodegrade and geological components must be managed to...

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